Summary of the Open Science session at Eurodoc 2010

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''This is the content of the session's Etherpad as of this version, pasted as the session ends.''

This pad serves as a notepad for the Science 2.0 session at the Eurodoc 2010 conference:
http://docs.google.com/present/edit?id=0ASQvcnWHnwgmZGR3aHFkNmtfMjY0c210... .
Some of the planning takes place at http://ff.im/gaWDe .

The text in this document is synchronized as you type, so that everyone viewing this page sees the same text. You do not have to log in to type here, though providing your name in the top right box would be nice.

Please do not edit above the line of "=" but feel free to take notes below it. To pose questions, please use the chat on the right or a Twitter message tagged with #eurodoc2010 . Comments on the individual items in the pad should be placed directly below them, preceded by "Comment:".
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Warm-up:
- A blog post: http://onebiglab.blogspot.com/2008/04/envisioning-scientific-community-a...
- An image: http://www.flickr.com/photos/dullhunk/3389581452/
- Some questions: How many of you (answers in %)

* have not done a Google search within the past 24h before leaving for this conference? 0% [Edit: Number corrected after the session ended]

* have been to a library within the past month? 50%

* read blogs on a regular basis? 40

* read research-related blogs on a regular basis? 40

* use Twitter, Friendfeed or identi.ca? 30

* do not use any social network online? 0

* have been to http://www.eurodoc.net/ within the past month? 100

* know what the (Journal) Impact Factor is? 50

* know how it is calculated? 0

* have heard of Open Science? (see FAQ section) 60

* know someone who does it? 30

* do it themselves? 0

* would be willing to help write the protocol of this session, directly in this document? 30

FAQ on Open Science:
- 1st Open Science Round-up: http://shirleywho.wordpress.com/2008/09/19/corpus-callosum-1st-edition-o...
- Breakthroughs of the year in Open Science 2009 - http://ways.org/en/blogs/2009/dec/16/breakthroughs_of_the_year_2009_in_o...
- http://cspannagel.wordpress.com/2008/05/18/der-offentliche-wissenschaftl...
- http://cspannagel.wordpress.com/2008/07/06/pioniere-offentlicher-wissens...
- http://scienceblogs.com/clock/2010/03/why_it_is_important_for_media.php states "As a rule, the very best coverage of every paper in the past month was done by a blogger or two or three. "

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Clickstream
For those who prefer slides: http://docs.google.com/present/edit?id=0ASQvcnWHnwgmZGR3aHFkNmtfMjY0c210... . A related presentation is at http://www.slideshare.net/Daniel.Mietchen/timing-young-researchers-decis... . Other presentations are embedded in several of the posts we will come across.
Start with http://scienceblogs.com/geneticfuture/2009/07/conference_blogging_icons_... , structure as in research cycle ( http://docs.google.com/present/edit?id=0ASQvcnWHnwgmZGR3aHFkNmtfMjEyZHo5... ) and then mention some of the currently most pressing challenges to (and opportunities for) open science, as summarized at http://ways.org/en/node/17356 .

READ/IDEA

Positive: Feedback at the beginning of the process, not at the end. Researchers get information which might be fruitful for the research long before reviewers have the chance to comment the finished paper.

Overview of recent papers
http://friendfeed.com/brain-morphometry via feeds from http://www.hubmed.org/

Overview of relevant papers
http://openwetware.org/wiki/User:Daniel_Mietchen/Notebook/Evolutionary_M...

Show example of "Questions for further research"
http://frontiersin.org/neuroscience/neuroinformatics/paper/10.3389/neuro...

"...if you want to have great creativity and innovation, you must give complete freedom, but if you want to reap the bene fits, you must provide a framework."
Fernando Nottebohm (via http://shirleywho.wordpress.com/2008/09/19/corpus-callosum-1st-edition-o... )

Commenting on papers - the classical approach
http://scienceblogs.com/ethicsandscience/2009/08/the_saga_of_the_journal...

Commenting on papers - blog about them
http://researchblogging.org/

Commenting on papers - in the lab notebook
http://openwetware.org/wiki/User:Anthony_Salvagno/Notebook/Research/2010...

Commenting on papers - annotations in Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research-papers/collections/1374711/EarlyWarning... - download sample plos paper, annotate it

Socially filtered papers
http://friendfeed.com/search?q=http+%2F%2Fwww.citeulike.org%2Fuser%2F+li...
http://ways.org/en/blogs/2010/jan/07/social_filtering_of_scientific_info...

Is FriendFeed currently the best social network for researchers? Feeds make it easier to find and follow research topics.

DEVELOP/FUND
Classical:
http://friendfeed.com/science-2-0/9835e8c4/possible-way-to-go-global-7-c...

Open: Request for collaborators
http://plindenbaum.blogspot.com/2009/09/from-friendfeed-to-nucleic-acids...

Open: Collaboratively written grant proposal
http://ff.im/1IRF2

Open: Funding decisions made in public:
http://fundscience.org/blog/2010/03/fundscience-announces-its-acceptance...

There currently is no public evidence that the dominant system of reviewing grant proposals and manuscripts (i.e. via non-public peer review) is efficient (see also similar discussion in PUBLISH section below).
http://friendfeed.com/cameronneylon/effdfe5b/peer-review-what-is-it-good...
http://friendfeed.com/danielmietchen/d7d0ab3f/hypios-50k-problem-to-love...

"We suggest that developing countries could leapfrog ahead by adopting from the start science grant systems that encourage innovation."
http://ways.org/en/blogs/2009/apr/09/research_grant_systems_that_encoura...

How to spend a budget of X on science?
http://ways.org/en/blogs/2009/may/24/implementing_fantasy_science_fundin...
http://ff.im/9SvED

PLAN/RECORD
Protocols
http://openwetware.org/wiki/Protocols

Theory:
http://polymathprojects.org/
http://ways.org/en/blogs/2009/feb/03/open_mathematics_the_view_of_a_fiel...
http://gowers.wordpress.com/2009/03/10/problem-solved-probably/
http://arxiv.org/find/all/1/all:+polymath/0/1/0/all/0/1

Engaging with the public is possible at any stage:
http://communicatescience.com/corpse/exquisite_corpse_of_science.html
http://seedmagazine.com/slideshow/exquisite_corpse/#1

Research/ teaching games:
http://fold.it/portal/
http://www.freerice.com/index.php?&t=354421149034&s=Famous%20Paintings

Citizen science
http://friendfeed.com/coturnix/bfd04a36/citizen-science-online

Conference reporting: http://opensciencefoundation.com/scs/author/brianglanz/ / http://opensciencefoundation.com/scs/2010/02/20/science-creative-commons... / http://science-2-0.piratenpad.de/Science-Commons-Symposium-Cameron-Neylo...

Seminars at Second Life
http://ff.im/9Lckw

RECORD/PROCESS
Protocols and measurements
http://onschallenge.wikispaces.com/list+of+experiments

Lab notebooks
http://openwetware.org/wiki/Special:RecentChanges

Visualizations
http://manyeyes.alphaworks.ibm.com/manyeyes/visualizations/plos-article-...

Databases:
http://sumsdb.wustl.edu/sums/index.jsp

Robot scientists:
http://nextbio.wordpress.com/2009/04/07/is-the-human-ego-good-for-scienc...

Problems: How to mashup CC-BY & CC-NC-SA data?
http://pantonprinciples.org/

Archiving
http://usefulchem.blogspot.com/2010/03/nature-precedings-as-archiving-to...

PROCESS/PUBLISH
Conferences:
Abstract drafting:
http://etherpad.com/ep/pad/view/A-charter-for-the-structuring-of-knowled...

Drafting of full conference paper:
http://ways.org/en/blogs/2010/mar/02/conference_abstract_accepted_what_i...

Online poster session
http://apecs.is/virtual-poster-session

Journals:
The pleasure and importance of printed journals
http://ff.im/4GWlM

Journal Impact Factor:
http://bjoern.brembs.net/news.php?item.499.11

PLoS ONE on track to become world's largest journal this year:
http://friendfeed.com/mattodd/0fd81ef3/am-mentioning-plos-one-in-current...

Article-level metrics
http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/Article-level_metrics

Licensing
http://www.doaj.org/doaj?func=licensedJournals

Open Access "is not the same as non-peer-reviewed"!
http://friendfeed.com/future-of-education/eecb71a5/david-weinberger-on-r...

Public peer review (see also similar section in FUND above)
http://www.biogeosciences.net/5/25/2008/bg-5-25-2008.html
http://friendfeed.com/the-life-scientists/8255a527/who-owns-copyright-of...

Manuscript revision - just send the link
http://en.citizendium.org/wiki?title=User%3ADaniel_Mietchen%2FSandbox%2F...

Fast lane: PLoS Currents
http://fundscience.org/blog/2009/08/science-publishing-on-the-fast-lane-...

Current way is ineffective, since new information is not published in the context of the old:
http://ways.org/en/blogs/2010/feb/10/the_illustrated_anatomy_of_a_paper_...

Efficiency:
http://dmm.biologists.org/content/2/5-6/201 (getting back to the One Big Lab idea)
See also slides 51-54 in
http://www.slideshare.net/CameronNeylon/science-in-the-open-science-comm...
http://ways.org/en/blogs/2010/mar/02/conference_abstract_accepted_what_i...

PUBLISH/READ
Context:
http://www.flickr.com/photos/tonomura/2712913340/
Wikis grow context organically:
"Science is already a wiki if you look at it a certain way. It’s just a highly inefficient one -- the incremental edits are made in papers instead of wikispace, and significant effort is expended to recapitulate existing knowledge in a paper in order to support the one to three new assertions made in any one paper." (John Wilbanks, http://scienceblogs.com/commonknowledge/2009/07/publishing_science_on_th... )

Wikis grow in number and volume, also for scientific uses: http://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Wikis_in_scholarly_communication

Problems with wikis:
Vandalism: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special:RecentChanges / http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Arguing_with_Idiots&curid=2448...
Licenses: http://www.scholarpedia.org/wiki/index.php?title=Special:Copyright&id=1
Gaps: http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/Special:WantedPages
Chances:
Context again: http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/Life/Related_Articles
Teaching: http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/CZ:Eduzendium

Integration with databases:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Gene_Wiki

Duplicate publications ( http://etblast.org/ ) are easily noted in a wiki, due to unique page names:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thesis_%28disambiguation%29

Alternatives to wikis:
- Etherpad http://code.google.com/p/etherpad/wiki/Instructions
- Google Wave http://www.slideshare.net/CameronNeylon/google-wave-ripple-or-tsunami-fo... / https://wave.google.com/

If authors had a unique ID, their contributions to human knowledge could all be aggregated, and not just paper counts:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/embor.2008.217
http://www.orcid.org/
http://www.google.com/profiles/daniel.mietchen

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SOCIAL NETWORKS:
- Can in principle be used for any of these steps, possibly different platforms for different purposes. Key issue: Interoperability, which requires open standards in data and communication formats, plus overcoming significant cultural barriers ( http://ff.im/f6VWP ).
- Are "Breeding like rabbits"
http://blog.openwetware.org/scienceintheopen/2008/08/01/facebooks-for-sc...
http://friendfeed.com/search?q=%22Facebook+for+scientists%22
http://friendfeed.com/fb4sci
http://bjoern.brembs.net/news.php?item.492.5

- Start getting attention from funders: http://www.nih.gov/news/health/nov2009/ncrr-02.htm
- Are beginning to be surveyed more systematically:
http://ff.im/fkh5m (related threads are at http://ff.im/fMiCa and http://ff.im/eHTjI )
With image:
http://friendfeed-media.com/3d85c60be264040660503dea85248e722ff53424

Discipline-specific ones:
http://openanthcoop.ning.com/
http://www.radrounds.com/

WAYS
http://ways.org/en/tagexplorer
http://ways.org/en/map/user
http://ways.org/en/about_ways/sister_networks_and_subnetworks
http://www.biovision.org/

See also: Euroscience is launching a "Young researchers network" at Eurodoc 2010
http://www.esof2010.org/news/nwsltr_4
http://ways.org/en/blogs/2009/nov/11/open_science_session_accepted_for_e...

http://onebiglab.blogspot.com/2008/04/envisioning-scientific-community-a...

Link to politics, e.g. gender equality:
http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/Female_scientist/Related_Articles

Possible side effects of attending online:
http://pyre.third-bit.com/blog/archives/3547.html (via http://ff.im/gvr1n )

Isbella Susa:
Euroscience Open Forum (ESOF)

Presentation:
http://docs.google.com/present/edit?id=0ASQvcnWHnwgmZGR3aHFkNmtfMjY0c210...

Torino, July 2nd - 7th

"Hop on Science Bus" from several European countries for students and young researchers

Main topic: Scientific careers in- and outside the academic sector

Complete program: http://www.esof2010.org/

Debating the issues before the conference and following the conference online in real time is possible: Chat, voting, forum, wiki.

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Most important question of the workshop:

Is it possible to combine the different open web functions in one platform for all scientists, and how should it look like?

Problem: Existing platforms do everything to hold their users. Often, data can't be transferred because of lacking standards (e.g Facebook). Scientists should use open platforms with documented standards.

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Tentative recommendations for the final communiqué of the Eurodoc 2010 conference (all workshop participants - on-site and remote - are invited to participate in rephrasing this draft text).
We need the recommendations in the form "Recognizing that A, we recommend B and C".

The World Wide Web started out as a project to facilitate scientific research and communication, and in the nearly two decades since its inception, it has revolutionized many aspects of our society: from the local to the global level and with a broad range of web-based tools and services that now allow for multiple forms of direct interactions between providers and users of information.

Yet, although scientific research is, at its core, a collaborative endeavour, only few researchers have started to explore these new possibilities. Research would greatly benefit from such direct interactions between participants and from opening up to the wider community.

Young researchers will therefore have to play a leading role in this transition from the paper-based era to web-based research.

Indeed, they would profit immensely from educating themselves and their peers about the chances and the possible drawbacks of doing research in the open via the Web.

Science policy that addresses young researchers should support open collaborative environments for all elements of the scientific process, recognize the role of web-based collaboration in the design of research awards and competitions, and promote a diversification of the metrics and other ways used to assess the impact of a single researcher's work.

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